Submission Preparation ChecklistAs part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission file is in Microsoft WORD, or RTF document file format.
1. Full text of manuscript without list of author(s) & affiliation
2. Title page with author(s) name & affiliation
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
considered for publication or even being reviewed.
2 Manuscript preparation
– Title: Brief, effective, and reflective of the manuscript; font size 14, bold and
centralised, capitalise each content word in the title
– Author(s): Full name(s), affiliation(s), e-mail and postal address(es) all in font
size 12. For multiple authors, please indicate the corresponding author using an
asterisk. Author affiliations, acknowledgements and information on research
grants may be written in a footnote (indicated by superscript symbols, font size
10) on the title page. This footnote should not be part of the consecutive
numbering of footnotes of the paper. See the following example:
Example: Rubi Ahmad*, Michael Skully and Mohammed Ariff
It appears in the footnote as follows:
* Corresponding author. Rubi Ahmad is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of
Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia, e-mail: email@example.com.
Michael Skully is a Professor at the Department of Accounting and Finance,
Monash University, 900 Dandenong Road, Caulfield East, Victory 3145,
Australia, e-mail: Michael.Skully@BusEco.monash.edu.au.
Mohamed Ariff is Chair in Finance, Department of Finance, Bond University,
Queensland 4229, Australia, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
– Abstract: Concise, informative, not more than 150 words, font size 11, the word
‘abstract’ is bold, typed in font size 12.
– Keywords: Not more than eight in alphabetical order; the word ‘keyword’ should
be bold. Separate each key words by using a comma, capitalise each content
word in the keywords and do not close this part with a dot. See the following
Keywords: Contrarian Investment Strategy, Losers, Overreaction Effect,
Winners, Zero-Investment Portfolio
– JEL Classification: Provide the JEL Classification for your paper. JEL
Classification is the code number for the area of research or manuscript (based
on the Abstract). More particulars can be found through the Internet search
engine. For example, the manuscript that focuses on Organizational Approach to
Total Quality Management can be classified as M11.
8 Tables and figures
Tables should be arranged in the following format:
– Tables should be submitted as data - .doc, .rtf, Excel or PowerPoint file- Tables
submitted as image data are not accepted, for they cannot be edited for
– The first letter of each content word in the headings of the Tables should be
capitalised typed in Times New Roman, font size 12 with single line spacing. A
brief Table Heading is preferred. Please do not present the headings in either bold
or italic format.
– Tables should be centralised, and the heading should be aligned to the left.
– The contents of the Table should be in Times New Roman, font size 10, single
spacing, and aligned to the left.
– Table Notes which are presented right below the Tables should be typed in Times
New Roman, font size 8, single spacing and aligned to the left.
10 Signs and numbers
3.1 Research design
12.1.1 Single author
According to Pilloff (1996), the primary reason for the synergy is performance improvement after the merger, which may be obtained in several ways.
Pilloff, S.J. (1996). Performance changes and shareholder wealth creation
associated with mergers of publicly traded banking institutions. Journal of
Money, Credit and Banking, 28, 294-310.
Consistently, Linder and Crane (1992) offer some indication that interstate mergers do not improve operating income.
Linda, C., & Crane, D. (1992). Bank merger: Integration and profitability. Journal of
Financial Services Research, 7, 35-55.
12.1.3 Three and more authors
Cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations include only the surname of the first author followed by et al.
In-Text citation (first time)
Prior research by FDIC has suggested that CAMEL rating attributes have an important influence on a bank’s performance (Nuxoll, O’Keefe, & Samolyk, 2003).
CAMEL rating attributes have an important influence on a bank’s performance (Nuxoll et al., 2003).
Nuxoll, D., O’Keefe, J., & Samolyk, K. (2003). Do local economic data improve
off-site bank monitoring models? FDIC Banking Review,15(2), 35-55.
Note: An ampersand (&) is used to connect authors’ names within brackets, but not when they appear as part of a sentence.
12.2 Types of Publication
Hair, J. F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., & Black, W.C. (1998). Multivariate Data
Analysis. NJ: Prentice Hall.
12.2.2 Chapter in an edited book
Brown, S.A., Aarons, G.A., & Abrantes, A.M. (2001). Adolescent alcohol and drug
abuse. In C.E. Walker & M.C. Roberts (Eds.), Handbook of clinical child
psychology (3rd ed., pp. 757-775). New York: Wiley.
Chenhall, R.H. (2005). Integrative strategic performance measurement system,
strategic alignment of manufacturing, learning and strategic outcomes: An
exploratory study. Accounting, Organization and Society, 30, 395-422.
identifier (DOI) assigned
Mahoney, L., & Roberts, R.W. (2007). Corporate social performance, financial
performance and institutional ownership in Canadian firms. Accounting Forum,
Note: A digital object identifier, DOI, is a permanent identifier given to an electronic document, regardless of whether the URL changes.
Awamleh, R., & Fernandes, C. (2005). Internet banking: An empirical investigation
into the extent of adoption by banks and the determinants of customer
satisfaction in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Internet Banking and
Commerce, 10(1), retrieved on 1 June 2009, from
12.2.6 Work discussed in a secondary source
In Text citation
In the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Seidenberg and McClelland’s work is cited in Coltheart et al. and you did not read the original work, list the Coltheart et al. reference in the References. In the text, use the following citation:
In Seidenberg and McClelland’s study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller, 1993), ...
Give the secondary source in the reference list.
Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller, M. (1993). Models of reading aloud:
Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological
Review, 100, 589-608.
12.2.7 Conference proceedings
Regularly published Conference Proceedings should be referenced as journals. Conference Proceedings that are published in a journal or as a chapter in an edited book, or as contribution to a symposium should be treated in the same way as a chapter in a book. However, for other types you can follow the following formats:
188.8.131.52 Published conference proceedings
Hasmah Zanuddin, & Azizah Hamzah. (2007). International trade agreement of
intellectual property rights (TRIPS), copyright issues & burden to enforce in
Malaysia. In Choi K.Y. (Ed.), Korean studies in Southeast Asia: Strategic
cooperation and development in research and education: Proceedings of the
2nd International Conference of the Korean studies Association of Southeast
Asia held on 29 January - 1 February 2007 at the University of Malaya, Kuala
Lumpur (pp. 121-138). Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya.
184.108.40.206 Unpublished conference proceedings
Abdul Samad, M. F., & Zulkafli, A. H. (2005, April 14-15). An overview of corporate
governance in Malaysia. Paper presented at UM-FBA Asian Business Conference on
Business Practices in the Digital Era, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Taherizadeh, A. H. (2010). The key drivers of innovation in Malaysia. Unpublished
master’s thesis, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.
12.2.9 Government document
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness
(DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing
Submission of Manuscripts
Any manuscript that does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before entering the review process. For any enquiry please contact email@example.com