Age Segmentation for Predicting Behavioural Intention of Using Railway Services in Indonesia

  • Savira Miranti Ansory
  • Anya Safira Anya Safira

Abstract

Manuscript type: Research paper.


Research aims: This study aims to examine the predictors of passengers’ behavioural intention in using railway services. It also attempts to identify whether these predictors differ among consumers of different age groups.


Design/ Methodology/ Approach: A  survey  is  conducted  to  collect data from the passengers using the KA Commuter Line  (KRL) Jabodetabek. The  213  respondents  are  divided  into  two  age segmentations comprising young and old. Data are analysed separately. The proposed model is tested quantitatively through multiple regression analysis and the independent sample t-test.


Research findings: The results show that  different  age  groups  have different evaluations and they use different determinants for gauging the railway services. Perceived value emerges as an impor- tant determinant of customer satisfaction among the younger age group whereas service quality  is  the  determinant  for  the  older  age group. Both groups, however, consider corporate image and customer satisfaction as determinants of behavioural intention.


Theoretical contributions/ Originality: This paper contributes to existing research on public transportation from a marketing pers- pective. It extends on previous works by adopting age segmentation to examine passengers’ perception, evaluation and behavioural intention of using the railway services in Jakarta.


Practitioner/ Policy implications: The findings of this study suggest that the Indonesian Railway Company should take age segmentation as a meaningful and useful social categorisation. It should not treat the entire population of passengers to be the same. Different age groups have different responsiveness and expectations of the railway services thus, the Indonesian Railway Company needs to put in more efforts in maintaining and improving its corporate image so as to encourage more people to use its services thereby reducing traffic congestion in Jakarta.


Research limitation: This study is limited by its sample size. Therefore, it is not possible to perform structural equation modelling (SEM).


Keywords: Behavioural Intention, Railway Services, Age Segmenta- tion, Customer Satisfaction, Corporate Image.


JEL Classification: M3

Author Biographies

Savira Miranti Ansory

PhD Candidate at the Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, CF103EU, Cardiff, United Kingdom

Anya Safira Anya Safira

Lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, 16424, Depok, Indonesia.

Published
2018-06-28
How to Cite
ANSORY, Savira Miranti; ANYA SAFIRA, Anya Safira. Age Segmentation for Predicting Behavioural Intention of Using Railway Services in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Business and Accounting, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 229 - 264, june 2018. ISSN 2180-3137. Available at: <http://ajba.um.edu.my/index.php/AJBA/article/view/12153>. Date accessed: 21 sep. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.22452/ajba.vol11no1.8.
Section
Articles